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Vampire Facial: The Anti-Aging Power of PRP

Vampire Facial: The Anti-Aging Power of PRP

Don't let the nickname scare you — the vampire facial is more than just another skin care trend.

Thanks to celebs like Kim Kardashian, the vampire facial has been all over social media for the past few years. But if the name alone puts you off, we'll go ahead and assuage your reservations — the vampire facial is anything but scary! In fact, it produces amazing results, especially in the anti-aging category.

Why is it called a “vampire” facial?

The name "vampire facial" comes from the treatment's primary ingredient — your own blood. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is one of several components that make up your blood, and its healing properties make it incredibly effective in treating a variety of skin concerns. 

But those PRP selfies you've seen of someone "covered in blood" are likely due to the sensitivity and post-treatment bleeding some people experience. Let's talk a bit more about how vampire facials actually work. 

What does PRP do for the skin?

We know the whole concept might sound a little bizarre, but using platelet-rich plasma to treat the skin isn’t new. There's plenty of research to support its benefits. And PRP isn’t just for dermatology — the same component is used in other fields of medicine as well. Cardiologists, orthopedic doctors and physical therapists, among others, are also harnessing PRP’s power to help change lives. 

But what exactly does it do?

The key is in the platelets. Typically, the primary job of platelets is to help clot the blood and stop bleeding. With platelet-rich plasma, we’re unlocking another crucial feature of platelets: their ability to heal. Inside each platelet are pockets of alpha granules. These alpha granules pump out more than 20 types of growth factors.

Each different growth factor targets a specific type of tissue. When sent to those tissues, they help push the cell cycle forward, acting like a rejuvenating guardian angel. When we use PRP for cosmetic purposes, we aim to target the growth factors that trigger the skin cells responsible for skin elasticity, texture and volume. 

Essentially, we’re tricking the body into making new collagen and elastin, the proteins that help the skin look and feel plumper, smoother and tighter. That fountain of youth potential is part of why we refer to PRP as “liquid gold.” 

While you can use the power of PRP for a wide variety of skin care concerns, it’s especially beneficial for issues like acne scars and stretch marks, fine lines and wrinkles, hyperpigmentation (dark spots), chronic sun damage and other age-related skin changes. PRP can even be used to help with hair loss!

ON THE BLOG: PRP: Liquid Gold for Your Skin >

How do we remove your PRP?

The question on everyone’s mind is how we get the PRP out of your blood and onto your skin. Because the four main components that make up the blood — plasma, platelets, white blood cells and red blood cells — are all mixed together in your bloodstream, the process starts when we draw your blood. 

If this makes you nervous, you’re not alone! No one loves having their blood drawn, but our providers are trained to make it as quick and painless as possible. We don’t need a lot, either, so it won’t take long.

After we’ve drawn your blood, the tube is placed in a machine called a centrifuge. The centrifuge spins the blood at a high rate of speed, which effectively separates the components from each other — the plasma on the top, platelets and white blood cells in the middle and the red blood cells on the bottom. The middle layer, or “serum,” is what we want, so it’s drawn out for the next step in your treatment. It's also gold in color, which is another reason we refer to PRP as "liquid gold."

What happens during a vampire facial?

There are two main ways we use PRP in the cosmetic treatments we offer at Skin Pharm, so let’s look at both a little closer.

PRP-ONLY TREATMENT —

The first way we can use PRP to help improve your skin is on its own. 

We start by applying a topical numbing cream to the skin we’re about to treat, which helps to minimize any potential discomfort. Once the numbing cream has had time to kick in, we inject the PRP directly under your skin with very tiny needles. These injections get the PRP into the specific areas that need a boost of rejuvenation so that they can get to work as quickly as possible to “heal” your skin. 

MICRONEEDLING WITH PRP —

Another way we can use PRP is with microneedling. If you’re not yet familiar with this game-changing cosmetic treatment, it’s one of the most comprehensive we offer. 

Microneedling also starts with a topical number cream for your comfort. After that, we apply your PRP, then use a specialized tool to make small, controlled punctures. The reason for these punctures is twofold — the body perceives them as an “injury” and floods the area with increased collagen to heal it; plus, it allows us to get the PRP even further into your skin. The entire cosmetic treatment is reasonably short, and most people only experience minor discomfort (thanks to the topical numbing agent).

ON THE BLOG: Your Questions About Microneedling + PRP >

When will you see the results of a vampire facial?

If you’re willing to go through the process of having your blood drawn and then applied to your face, you’re looking for results. So let’s talk about it — how long will it take to see a change in your appearance?

While the time it takes may vary, the benefits of a vampire facial are usually visible about a week after treatment. But that’s not the best part! As the PRP continues to work under your skin and increase collagen production, your results will likely continue to improve over time. Keep in mind that some more extensive skin concerns, like melasma or deeper lines and wrinkles, may require more than one round of PRP before looking noticeably better. 

Are there any side effects?

Because PRP harnesses a component of your own blood, there are very few side effects associated with treatment. However, because the process involves needles and puncture wounds, some clients experience redness, sensitivity or tenderness in the areas we’re actively treating. There is also the possibility of bruising, bleeding or swelling, especially if you have sensitive skin. The good news is that most of these minor side effects go away on their own within a day or two. 

We recommend planning on a few days of downtime if you’re looking to schedule your PRP treatment around an important event, like a wedding or a birthday party. That way, you won’t have to worry about residual redness or bruising ruining your photo ops. Plus, we recommend not wearing makeup for at least 24 hours after treatment. 

How long can you expect results to last?

As long as you continue to take care of your skin and live a healthy lifestyle, the results from PRP are usually permanent. But just like after other cosmetic treatments, you'll want to maintain must be followed up with a quality, supportive skin care routine. At the very least, focus on finding a cleanser, moisturizer and sunscreen that work for you. Keeping your skin’s moisture barrier intact and minimizing the potential for long-term sun damage is crucial to maintaining your results and keep your skin looking youthful. 

What does vampire facial aftercare entail?

Although the vampire facial is a minimally-invasive cosmetic treatment, it's still essential that you follow your provider’s aftercare recommendations closely. These recommendations were designed to support the skin as it heals while also keeping you safe and minimizing side effects. 

We'll provide you with a post-treatment skin care kit. This kit comes with a foaming cleanser that you’ll use morning and evening, followed by our Recovery Lotion to keep your skin hydrated. These products will help your skin support itself as it heals, but you can return to your typical routine as soon as your skin stops feeling tight or dry. Once your skin has healed, you can go back to using your other skin care products like exfoliants. 

Keep in mind that this kit is not meant for long-term use, especially if you deal with oily skin or frequent breakouts.

To wrap things up...

The vampire facial is an incredible way to harness the power of your own body to help change your skin for the better. If you’ve been struggling with age-related concerns or are just looking for a way to rejuvenate your skin, look no further than PRP. Whether on its own or combined with another cosmetic treatment like microneedling, PRP can help heal your skin from the inside out. 

SOURCES:

A systematic review of the safety and effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for skin aging | PubMed

Reporting in clinical studies on platelet-rich plasma therapy among all medical specialties: A systematic review of Level I and II studies | PMC

Patients - Blood Basics | American Society of Hematology

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